Alexandria is the second largest city and the second largest metropolitan area in Egypt after Greater Cairo by size and population, located North of Cairo (about 220 KM) extending about 32 km along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important centre of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic and Roman & Byzantine Egypt for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641.
The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa is one of the Seven Wonders of the Medieval Ages. It is located in Alexandria, Egypt and is a historical archaeological site.
The catacombs consist of several Alexandrian tombs. Although it was originally intended as a burial chamber for only one family, it was expanded to allow for many other people.
These underground tunnels were built around the 2nd century A.D. and still exist today.
Fort of Qaitbay is a 15th-century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, and was established in 1477 AD by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa'it Bay.
The Citadel is situated on the eastern side of the northern tip of Pharos Island at the mouth of the Eastern Harbor.
Montazah Gardens that surrounds the Montaza Palace the summer residence of late king Farouk . It was built on a low plateau east of central Alexandria overlooking a beach on the Mediterranean Sea.
The mosque is dedicated to the 13th century Alexandrine Sufi saint el-Mursi Abul Abbas whose tomb it contains.It is located in the Anfoushi neighborhood of Alexandria, near the Citadel of Qaitbay.
The Mosque was redesigned and built in today's current form by Eugenio Valzania and Mario Rossi in the years 1929/1945.
Pompey's Pillar is a Roman triumphal column in Alexandria, Egypt, and the largest of its type constructed outside of the imperial capitals of Rome and Constantinople.
The only known free-standing column in Roman Egypt which was not composed of drums it is one of the largest ancient monoliths and one of the largest monolithic columns ever erected.